Idah al-Bab li-Murid al-Nikah bi-l-Sawab

Overview

Popularly known as Bab al-Nikah. This is a work of fiqh and is a translation of a portion of Muhyi al-Din Abu Zakariyya Yahya b. Sharaf al-Nawawi’s (631-76/1233-77) Minhaj al-Talibin (Direction for the Inquirers) and parts of commentaries such as Tuhfat al-Muhtaj (Treasure for the One in Need) by Shihab al-Din Ahmad b. Muhammad Hajr al-Hatimi al-Makki (d. 973/1565), Fath al-Wahhab (The Bounty of the Giver) by Abu Yahya Zakariyya b. Muhammad al-Ansari (824-926/1420-1520), Nihayat al-Muhtaj (The End for the One in Need) by Shams al-Din Abu ‘Abd Allah Ahmad al-Ramli al-Ansari (fl. 9th/15th century), and Hadi al-Muhtaj (The Guide for the One in Need). Al-Nawawi is one of the most respected legal minds within the Shafi madhhab as well as an expert on hadith and therefore Shaykh Daud al-Fatani’s reference to him here was certainly to draw directly from one of the school’s highest authorities.  His extraction is a treatise on Shafi laws of marriage, advice for a successful marriage, and a number of related issues such as dowry and divorce procedures.

Authorship

Completed “malam Isnin, 9 Rabi’ al-awwal 1224 AH” [14 Apr 1809] by Shaykh Daud b. ‘Abd Allah al-Fatani in Mecca.

Manuscripts

This is the single-most-copied book by Shaykh Daud al-Fatani.  It was among the earliest of his works copied and students maintained a steady interest in this text well into the twentieth century.  It somewhat rarely appeared in manuscript compilations that included Shaykh Daud al-Fatani’s other works such as Ghayat al-Taqrib fi al-Irth wa al-Ta‘sib or Kitab Sembahyang Jum’a, but was included more often with works by other scholars of the Patani knowledge network.

84 known manuscript copies

Dated Manuscripts (21):

  1. 1809, May 21. IAM 75B: copied by Lebai Aman orang Kota Bharu, 6 Rabi’ al-akhir 1224 AH. IAM 75B: 105 pp., in a compilation including: IAM 75A: al-Yawaqit wa-al-jawahir.
  2. 1821, Feb 1. Copied by Haji Mahmud b. Muhammad Yusuf Terengganu, “malam Selasa, tahun ‘wau,’ 27 Rabi al-akhir 1236 AH di Kampung Lengkandi, Patani.” PNM 2014: 110 pp., bound in a brown cloth cover.
  3. 1820/1. Copied by Imam ‘Abd al-Samad, “hari Jumaat, 1236 AH di balai Satun Fakih Kampung Laut.” PNM 2545: 70 ff. Owned by the copyist.
  4. 1823/4. Copied by ‘Abd al-Malik Terengganu, 1239 AH di Madinah. PNM 161: 78 ff.
  5. 1829, Mar 7. Copied “30 Sha’aban 1244 AH” in Mecca. PNM 2566: 49 ff., Owned by Wan Ali b. Haji Wan Hamid dari Kampung Satahacar Patani.
  6. 1834/5. Copied 1250 AH. PNM 2038: 114 pp., double purple frame.
  7. 1844 Dec 2. Copied by Ibrahim b. Hassan Fatani, “hari Ahad, 21 Dhu’l-Hijja 1260 AH, di Mecca.” PNM 470: 93 pp., double red frame, at times contains a two-page frame in addition to the single page frame.
  8. 1844. Copied 1260 AH. CD 4 [A]: 126 pp.
  9. 1846, Dec 15. Copied “waktu berdiri matahari, hari Khamis, 7 Dhu’l-Hijja 1262 AH di Mecca.” PNM 2642: 72 ff., incomplete. Owned and probably copied by Haji Muhammad Almin b. Darani dari Patani.
  10. 1847, Aug 29. Copied by Haji ‘Abd al-Samad b. Haji ‘Abd al-Rahim, “hari Ahad, tahun ‘zal,’ 17 Ramadan 1263 AH di Mecca.” PNM 696: 70 ff., double red frame.
  11. 1848, Oct 25. Copied by Haji Muhammad Arshad orang Melaka, “26 Zulkaedah 1264 AH.” MNT 86.47: 63 ff.
  12. 1857, Sep 14. Copied by Ahmad ‘Abd al-Karim Kelantan, “hari Isnin, 24 Muharram 1274 AH.” IAM 356C: 16 pp., incomplete. In compilation including IAM 356A: Kitab Fiqh and IAM 356B: [Kitab hukum berjualbeli]. Owned by Wan Him Fatani.
  13. 1860, Nov 15. Copied by Haji Daud, “hari Ahad, 1 Jamadilawal 1277 AH di Siqkura” [Singapore?]. PNM 815: 26 ff.
  14. 1862/3. Copied by Lebai Muhammad Talib b. Muhammad Ali, “hari Khamis, 1279 AH.” PNM 1546: 83 ff.
  15. 1863 Oct-Nov. Copied “hari Ahad, bulan Jumada al-awwal 128[0] AH di Mecca.” MLI 10: 117 pp.
  16. 1864, Sep 4. Copied by Daud ibn Muhammad Kelantan, “hari Selasa, 22 Rabi al-akhir 1281 AH di Mecca.” PNM 530: 60 ff. The final few pages of this MS have deteriorated badly.
  17. 1869/70. Copied “1286 AH di negeri Canak.” IAM 612: 84 pp.
  18. 1882, May 27. Copied by Sulayman b. Alung Piji Insa, “hari Jumaat, 9 Rejab 1299 AH.” PNM 2452: 42 ff., incomplete.
  19. 1882, Jun/Jul. Copied “hari Rabu, bulan Sha’ban 1299 AH di Mecca.” PNM 123: 42 ff., double red/maroon frame.
  20. 1884, Jan. Copied by Muhammad Adin, “hari Selasa, bulan Rabi al-awwal 1301 AH di Kampung Bendang Daya Patani.” PNM 1142: 28 ff., double red frame.
  21. 1979, Dec 29. Copied by Abu Bakar b. Salam, “hari Jumaat, 9 Safar 1400 AH di Kampung Pamar negeri Caya.” PNM 2454: 70 ff.

Manuscripts with undated or partially-dated colophons (11):

  1. Copied “hari Selasa pada waktu asar.” IAM 247: 92 pp., incomplete.
  2. Copied by Muhammad Saman Fatani. IAM 586: 103 pp., incomplete.
  3. Copied by Abu Bakr Fatani. IAM 597: 79 pp., incomplete. Once owned by Haji Abd Allah ibn Haji Hasan.
  4. Copied “hari Ahad, 9 Jumada al-awwal, tahun wau.” PNM 472A: 70 ff. Bound together with PNM 472B: Ghayat al-Taqrib.
  5. Copied by Ahmad b. ‘Abd al-Karim Kelantan on “hari Ahad bulan Sha’ban” in Patani. PNM 524: 55 ff.
  6. Copied “hari Sabtu bulan Shaaban,” in Mecca. PNM 1256: 25 ff., incomplete.
  7. Copied by Tuan Haji ‘Abd al-Qadir Bandaya Muhammad Deris, “waktu zuhur hari Selasa.” PNM 2043: 100 pp., incomplete.
  8. Copied “hari Jumaat, 4 Dhu al-Qada.” PNM 2094: 143 pp.
  9. Copied “hari Khamis, 10 Safar.” PNM 2412: 47 ff., incomplete Owned by Muhammad Yusuf dari Kampung Pauh Manis negeri Jerim.
  10. Copied by Muhammad Min b. Encik Hamid Fatani, “hari Selasa bulan jumada al-awwal” in Mecca. PNM 2541: 44 ff., incomplete.
  11. Copied by Muhammad Sani Fatani “waktu duha, 9 Rajab” in Mecca. PNM 2959: 23 ff., incomplete.

Undated manuscripts (52):

  1. CU Scott Lower Left 7.
  2. IAM 45: 19 pp., incomplete.
  3. IAM 117: 72 pp., incomplete
  4. IAM 131: 105 pp.
  5. IAM x169: 85 pp., good condition, now lost.
  6. IAM 193: 77 pp., incomplete.
  7. IAM 194: 118 pp., incomplete. Once owned by Imam Wan Muhammad dari Kampung Gajah Mata Kota Bharu.
  8. IAM 328: 105 pp., incomplete.
  9. IAM 410: 119 pp., incomplete.
  10. IAM 598: 105 pp., poor condition, incomplete.
  11. IAM x731: 97 pp., incomplete. Once owned by Wan Ali ibn Wan Him Kampung Sena Jajar.
  12. IAM 743: 117 pp., incomplete.
  13. MNI ML 773 [VI 38].
  14. PNM 157: 44 ff., incomplete.
  15. PNM 185: 12 ff., incomplete.
  16. PNM 196: 34 ff., incomplete.
  17. PNM 227: 52 ff., incomplete.
  18. PNM 241: 61 ff., incomplete.
  19. PNM 265: 30 ff., incomplete.
  20. PNM 303: 52 ff., incomplete.
  21. PNM 531: 48 ff., incomplete.
  22. PNM 539: 54 ff.
  23. PNM 568: 29 ff., incomplete.
  24. PNM 600: 34 ff., incomplete.
  25. PNM 625(4): 10 ff., incomplete.
  26. PNM 643: 14 ff., incomplete.
  27. PNM 671: incomplete.
  28. PNM 713(1): 8 ff., incomplete.
  29. PNM 902: 14 ff., incomplete.
  30. PNM 1138: 28 ff., incomplete.
  31. PNM 1221: 30 ff., incomplete.
  32. PNM 1283: 5 ff., incomplete.
  33. PNM 1296: 22 ff., incomplete.
  34. PNM 1330: 59 ff., incomplete.
  35. PNM 1335: 10 ff., incomplete.
  36. PNM 1383: 10 ff., incomplete.
  37. PNM 1526: 43 ff., incomplete.
  38. PNM 1626: 24 ff., incomplete.
  39. PNM 1628: 39 ff., incomplete.
  40. PNM 2061: 21 ff., incomplete.
  41. PNM 2260(1): 74 ff., incomplete.
  42. PNM 2376: 57 ff., incomplete.
  43. PNM 2436: 65 ff., incomplete.
  44. PNM 2442: 69 ff., incomplete. Once owned by Ahmad Qadir ibn Khatib Salleh.
  45. PNM 2523(2): 57 ff.
  46. PNM 2602: 55 ff. Lists alternative original author date of 24 Ramadan 1224 AH.
  47. PNM 2667: 49 ff.
  48. PNM 2723A: 50 ff., incomplete. Bound together with 2723B: [Al Bahjat al-Mardiyya].
  49. PNM 2788A: 62 ff. Bound together with PNM 2788B: [Soal-jawab agama] and PNM 2788C: [Panduan menamakan anak].
  50. PNM 2949: 31 ff., incomplete.
  51. PNM 3057: 14 ff., incomplete.
  52. UM Manuskrip 250: 60 ff.

Published Editions

This is one of the earliest and most widely published books by Shaykh Daud al-Fatani.

  1. 24 Jul 1870. Titled: Kitab al-Nikah. Singapore, 24 Rabi al-akhir 1287 AH. 124 pp. Litho. 20.5 x 15.5 cm. Holding: LUL,
  2. 1874/5. Singapore: Haji Muhammad Said ibn Haji Arshad orang Semarang, 1291 AH (printed “di rumah Haji Abd al-Karim”). 123 pp. Litho. Holding: KITLV.
  3. 1886. Titled: Bab al-Nikah. Istanbul. Holding: UL.
  4. c. 1887. Singapore [?]. Holding: OISA.
  5. 1889. Mecca. 208 pp. Holding: UL.
  6. 7 Oct 1892. Titled: Kitab Bab al-Nikah. Singapore: Matbaah Haji Muhammad Amin, Kampung Haji Lane, 15 Rabi al-awwal 1310 AH. Printed in Kampung Gelam, 1 Dhu Hijja 1310 [16 Jun 1893]. 60 ff. Litho. Holding: UM.
  7. 1914. Mecca. Holding: UL.
  8. 1915/6. Cairo: Dar al-Kutub al-Arabiyya, 1334 AH.
  9. 1927. Isha al-Baabi al-Halabi wa sharikat. Holding: PNM.
  10. 1929. Title: Bab al-Nikah. Cairo, 1347 AH. Holding: PK.
  11. 1930. Dar al-Tibaa al-Misriyya al-Kubra, 1348 AH.
  12. Undated. Penang: Dar al-Maarif, based on Cairo edition. Holding: UKM.
  13. Undated. Patani. Holding: OU.
  14. 1980. Surabaya. Holding: KITLV.
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