Hikayat Patani


The Patani court chronicle was passed down in oral form from at least the sixteenth century until the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, when it was committed to textual form. Originally written down by as many as six different authors between the years 1690 and 1730. A date appearing late in the text 17 Muharram 1142 AH, corresponds to 12 August 1729.

The text discusses the founding of Patani, the conversion to Islam, the rise of the port as a commercial center, the descent of its rajas, court regalia, etiquette, and pageantry, and its political struggles against Ayutthaya.


  1. 1839. Copied by ‘Abd Allah Munshi in Singapore. Contained in the Library of Congress, Washington, DC, United States.
  2. 1899. Skeat Ms. 15. Institute of Social Anthropology, University of Oxford.

Related Secondary Publications

  • 1970. Teeuw, A. and D. K. Wyatt. Hikayat Patani: The Story of Patani. Bibliotheca Indonesica, v. 5. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
  • 1992. Salleh, Siti Hawa Haji. Hikayat Patani. Siri Warisan Sastera Klasik. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia.
  • 2009. Bradley, Francis R. “Moral Order in a Time of Damnation: The Hikayat Patani in Historical Context.” JSEAS 40, no. 2: 267-93.

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