‘Abd al-Samad b. Faqih Haji ‘Abd Allah b. Imam Hashim, Haji (c. 1792-1873)

Popular Name(s): Tok Pulai Chondong, Imam ‘Abd al-Samad

Origin: Kampung Bira, Patani

Location(s): balai Satun Fakih Kampung Laut (1236/1820)

Biographical Details: b. c.1207/1792, Kampung Bukit, Pulai Chondong. He had an older sister named Halimah. d. 1290/1873. He went to Mecca, c. 1808, at the age of 16, where he studied with Shaykh Muhammad Adham and Shaykh Da’ud b. ‘Abd Allah al-Fatani. He then returned to the peninsula, but later returned to Mecca in 1256/1840. He first taught at Kampung Bilai Talib in 1273/1857. He took his son Muhammad Arshad to Mecca in 1278/1861, returning to Kelantan in 1281/1864. He opened the first pondok in Pulai Chondong, Kelantan.

Teachers:[4]

  1. Haji ‘Abd Allah, a teacher in his hometown of Kampung Bira, Patani.
  2. Shaykh Muhammad Adham, teacher of al-Quran
  3. Shaykh Da’ud b. ‘Abd Allah al-Fatani (1769-1847)
  4. Tuan Hassan Besut (d. c. 1864)
  5. Shaykh ‘Abd al-Malik b. ‘Isa al-Tarkanu (fl. 1823), Sungai Rengas, Kuala Terengganu
  6. Haji Wan Musa al-Fatani

Students:

  1. Tok Wan ‘Ali Kutan (1837-1913)
  2. Tok Ayah Jamal (d. 1886)
  3. Haji Ya’qub b. Muhammad (d. 27 Nov 1907)
  4. Haji Ahmad b. Muhammad (d. 1915), younger brother of Tok Ayah Jamal
  5. Haji Muhammad Saman b. Haji Wan Ta’ib (d. 1916/7, in Bunut Payong)
  6. Haji Umar b. Haji ‘Abd al-Samad, his son, known as Imam Surau Kerawang, (d. 21 Oct 1911)
  7. Haji Muhammad ‘Arshad b. Haji ‘Abd al-Samad, his son (d. 5 Jan 1912)
  8. Haji Wan ‘Abd al-Qadir b. Haji Wan Sulayman, teacher of Raja Limbat and the surrounding area (d. early 1900s)
  9. Haji Derani (d. c. 1880), his cousin, Pangkal Gong
  10. Haji Muhammad Bendang Riong, Patani, came from Kampung Langgok, Dewan, Kota Bharu (d. c. 1950, Patani)

Authored Work(s):

  1. [kitab do’a] – MIM 460

Scribed Work(s):

  1. PNM 2545 – Idah al-Bab, 1236 AH [1820/1 CE], copyist listed as “Imam ‘Abd al-Samad.”

References:

  • Abdullah, H. W. M. Shaghir. Syeikh Daud bin Abdullah al-Fatani: Ulama dan Pengarang Terulung Asia Tenggara. Shah Alam: Penerbitan Hizbi, 1990.
  • Daud, Ismail Che. “Tok Pulai Chondong (1792-1873),” in Tokoh-tokoh Ulama’ Semenanjung Melayu, vol. 1, 3rd ed., 67-80. Kota Bharu: Majlis Ugama Islam dan Adat Istiadat Melayu Kelantan, 2001.
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