Bulugh al-Maram fi Kayfiyyat Muqaranat Takbirat al-Ihram

Overview

This is a work on fiqh drawn from the well-known collection of ḥadīth titled Bulugh al-Maram compiled by Imam al-Hafiz b. Hajar al-‘Asqalani (773-852/1372-1448) of Cairo. Shaykh Daud al-Fatani only translated the part concerning niyya (intention) before prayer.

Authorship

Completed Rabi al-awwal 1227 AH [Mar/Apr 1812] by Shaykh Daud b. ‘Abd Allah al-Fatani, in Mecca.

Manuscripts

This work was of little interest to the scholars of the Patani network until the 1850s and 1860s when it became widely distributed, but maintained its popularity only until the 1880s. It was commonly included in manuscript compilations with Shaykh Daud al-Fatani’s other works Al-Bahja al-Mardiyya fi ‘Udhr Takhalluf al-Ma’mum ‘an al-Imam, Bisharat al-Ikhwan bi-Asbab al-Mawt ‘ala al-Iman, Kitab Sembahyang Jum‘a, and works by other scholars of the Patani knowledge network.

24 known manuscript copies

Manuscripts with dated colophons (7):

  1. 1855, Jul 24. Copied by Muhammad ‘Abd al-Rahman, 9 Dhu al-Qada 1271 AH. PNM 2670: 8 ff. Once owned by Muhammad Saman anak Haji ‘Abd Allah Pauh Bok.
  2. 1859, Sep 7. Copied “hari Isnin 9 Safar 1276 AH” in Mecca. IAM 151A: 12 pp. Bound together with IAM 151B: Al-Bahja al-Mardiyya fi ‘Udhr Takhalluf al-Ma’mum ‘an al-Imam and IAM 151C: Ta’liq Latif mimma.
  3. 1863, Oct/Nov. Copied “bulan Jumada al-awwal 1280 AH.” IAM 303A: 11 pp. Bound together with IAM 303B: Al-Bahja al-Mardiyya fi ‘Udhr Takhalluf al-Ma’mum ‘an al-Imam, IAM 303C: [risalah kelebihan basmalah], and IAM 303D: [risalah kelebihan hamdalah].
  4. 1865/6. Copied 1282 AH. PNM 803 B: 6 ff. Bound together with PNM 803A: Luqtat al-Ajlan fi Bayan hayd wa Istihadah wa al-Nifas al-Niswan.
  5. 1869/70. Copied by ‘Abd al-Rahman, 1286 AH, in negeri Canak [Patani]. PNM 3362A: 6 ff. Bound together with PNM 3362B: Al-Bahja al-Mardiyya fi ‘Udhr Takhalluf al-Ma’mum ‘an al-Imam.
  6. c. 1881. PNM 2773C: 6 ff., incomplete. Bound together with PNM 2773A: Al-Bahja al-Mardiyya fi ‘Udhr Takhalluf al-Ma’mum ‘an al-Imam and PNM 2773B: Kitab Sembahyang Juma.
  7. 1882/3. Copied by Ahmad ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Dhu Hijja Raman, 1300 AH, “tahun kera.” PNM 504A: 5 ff. Bound together with PNM 504B: Al-Bahja al-Mardiyya fi ‘Udhr Takhalluf al-Ma’mum ‘an al-Imam.

Manuscripts with undated or partially dated colophons (5):

  1. Copied by Muhammad Saman b. Ibrahim Kedah. DBP 131: 52 pp. (must include other unidentified manuscripts)
  2. Copied “pada malam Isnin.” MNT D44: 7 ff.
  3. Copied by Haji Muhammad Diah. PNM 627B: 6 ff. Bound together with PNM 627A: Al-Bahja al-Mardiyya fi ‘Udhr Takhalluf al-Ma’mum ‘an al-Imam and PNM 627C: [sembahyang jum’a]. The bottom inside corners are worn away, cutting into the text.
  4. Copied by Muhammad Man Kampung Redang Setar, completed in negeri Yala [Patani]. PNM 726B: 6 ff. Bound together with PNM 726A: Al-Bahja al-Mardiyya fi ‘Udhr Takhalluf al-Ma’mum ‘an al-Imam.
  5. Copied by ‘Abd al-Rahman b. ‘Abd Allah in “negeri Canak Kampung Temperak.” PNM 816A: 5 ff. Bound together with PNM 816B: Al-Bahja al-Mardiyya fi ‘Udhr Takhalluf al-Ma’mum ‘an al-Imam.

Manuscripts without colophons (12):

  1. IAM 19B: 7 pp.
  2. IAM 327: 30 pp.
  3. IAM 615B: 12 pp. Bound together with IAM 615A: Kitab Majmu.
  4. PNM 654: 7 ff.
  5. PNM 724: 7 ff.
  6. PNM 1113B: incomplete. Bound together with PNM 1113A: [kitab sembahyang].
  7. PNM 1168: 7 ff.
  8. PNM 1368B: 6 ff., set within a single red frame, incomplete. Bound together with PNM 1368A: Al-Bahja al-Mardiyya fi ‘Udhr Takhalluf al-Ma’mum ‘an al-Imam, PNM 1368C: [sharh al-ikhwan], PNM 1368D: [fadilat istighfar], and PNM 1368E: [kitab sembahyang].
  9. PNM 2309B: 7 ff. Bound together with PNM 2309A: Kashf al-Kiram.
  10. PNM 2386B: 5 ff. Bound together with PNM 2386A: Al-Bahja al-Mardiyya fi ‘Udhr Takhalluf al-Ma’mum ‘an al-Imam, PNM 2386C: [kitab jimak], and PNM 2386D: Kifayah al-muhtaj fi al-isra’ wa al-mi’raj.
  11. PNM 2793A: 8 ff., Bound together with PNM 2793B: [ketika, nahas, rejang]. Contains alternative original author date of “bulan Rabi al-awwal 1222 AH” [1807/8].
  12. PNM 2944A: 7 ff. Bound together with PNM 2944B: Al-Bahja al-Mardiyya fi ‘Udhr Takhalluf al-Ma’mum ‘an al-Imam.

Published Editions

  1. 1912/3. Mecca: Matba’ah al-Miriyya al-Kayna, 1331 AH. Holding: PNM. Bound together with Printed together with Kashf al-Kiram by Sheikh Muhammad Zayn ibn Faqih Jalaluddin al-Ashi and Risalat Muqaranah by Sheikh Ismail ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Minangkabawi, a student of Shaykh Daud Fatani.
  2. c. 2000. Kuala Lumpur: Khazanah Fathaniyah. Bound together with Munyat al-Musalli.
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