‘Ibrahim b. Muhammad Yusuf b. Muhammad Salih b. ‘Isa b. Zakaria b. Tok Surau Banggol, Haji (1871-1955)

Popular Name(s): Haji ‘Ibrahim Tok Raja

Origin:

Location(s):

Biographical Details: b. 1288/1871, in Kampung Banggol, Kota Bharu. His ancestors supposedly descended from the royal family of Minangkabau, but emigrated to Patani, then went to Kelantan where they settled at Banggol, Kota Bharu and where his father was a teacher of al-Quran, supposedly drawing students from Kedai Buloh, Kuala Semut Api, and the nearby coastal areas. d. 8:20 pm Jum’a, 12 Shawwal 1374 AH [3 Jun 1955 CE], in Kampung Penambang, and was buried at Surau Banggol, Kota Bharu.

He studied first with his father and then went to study at a pondok in Sungai Pinang. He then embarked for Mecca in 1309/1891 where he had a rich education. He afterwards returned to Kelantan for three years, but then went back to Mecca. In 1903, after finishing Al-Fawaid al-Duniawiyyah wa al-Ukhrawiyyah fi Ba‘dhi fadhail al-Suwar wa al-Ayat al-Quraniyyah, he went to Cambodia, but returned to Kelantan, where he lived with Cik Hassan b. Cik Muhammad Salih, Menteri Besar Kelantan until 1904. He then went to live with his father-in-law Haji Mahmud b. Haji Ya’qub, near Medan Tuan Padang, Kota Bharu. After the birth of his son, he returned to Mecca in April 1906.

He eventually returned to Kelantan, where he began teaching at al-Madrasah al-Muhammadiah al-Kalantaniah (Madrasah Muhammadiah Melayu), beginning 5 Aug 1917. He also taught at Masjid Besar Kota Bharu. He soon after returned to Mecca, however, embarking 20 Jul 1918. Not long later, he went to Cambodia, where he was a missionary and a teacher and after spending two years there was fluent in the Cham language. He returned to Kelantan in 1921. After the death of Mufti Haji Cik ‘Idris b. Haji Cik Hassan, he became 6th mufti of Kelantan, March 1928. On 25 Aug 1948, he embarked for Mecca with his wife, Hajjah Limah b. Mat Husayn, who came from Kok Lintang, Gunong, Bacok, not returning to Kelantan until 1952.

Teachers:

  1. Haji Muhammad Yusuf b. Muhammad Salih b. ‘Isa b. Zakaria b. Tok Surau Banggol (father)
  2. Haji ‘Abd al-Malik b. Hassan (Sungai Pinang)
  3. Shaykh Hasb Allah (Mecca)
  4. Shaykh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Fatani (Mecca)
  5. Shaykh Nik Mat Kecik Patani (1844-1915), Mecca
  6. Shaykh Wan Ahmad Patani (1856-1908), Mecca
  7. Shaykh Ahmad Khatib Minangkabau (Mecca)
  8. Shaykh Ahmad Lingga (Mecca)
  9. Shaykh Muhammad Zayn al-Din Sumbawa (Mecca)
  10. Tuan Mukhtar Bogor (Mecca)
  11. Tok Shafie Kedah (Mecca)
  12. Tok Wan Ali Kutan (1837-1913), Mecca
  13. Tok Seribong (Mecca)
  14. Pakcik Musa (Mecca)
  15. Tok Senggora (c. 1850-1930), Mecca
  16. Sayyid Muhammad ‘Amin b. Sayyid Ahmad b. Sayyid Ridhwan (Medina)

Students:

  1. Haji Ya’qub b. Muhammad Salih, Nipah, Bacok
  2. Haji ‘Isma‘il b. Haji Ahmad, Gok Kapur, Penambang, Kota Bharu
  3. Haji Nik Othman b. Haji Wan ‘Abd al-Karim, Kampung Amir, Besut
  4. Haji Ja’far b. Salih, Padang Landak, Jerteh, Besut
  5. Ustaz Haji Harun b. Muhammad al-Samadi, Jalan Tanjong Tokong, Pulau Pinang
  6. Haji Wan Ta’ib b. Haji Wan Musa, Rantau Panjang, Pasir Mas

Authored Writing(s):

  1. Al-Fawaid al-Duniawiyyah wa al-Ukhrawiyyah fi Ba‘dhi fadhail al-Suwar wa al-Ayat al-Quraniyyah – 9 Dhu’l Hijja 1320/1903, in Mecca
  2. Jiwa Amalan – Ahad akhir, Dhu’l Hijja 1343/19 Jul 1925, in Mecca

References:

  1. Daud, Ismail Che. “Haji Ibrahim Tok Raja (1871-1955), in Tokoh-tokoh Ulama’ Semenanjung Melayu, vol. 1, 3rd ed., 557-77. Kota Bharu: Majlis Ugama Islam dan Adat Istiadat Melayu Kelantan, 2001.

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