‘Abd al-Qadir b. Haji Mustafa b. Muhammad Faqih al-Fatani, Shaykh (1818-95)

Popular Name(s): Tok Bendang Daya Muda, Haji ‘Abd al-Qadir Lailatul Qadar, Tuan Guru ‘Abd al-Qadir Sena, al-Sanawi

Origin: Bendang Daya, Patani

Location(s): Mecca; Bendang Daya (Patani)

Biographical Details: b. 1234/1818, Kampung Sena Janjar (Patani), d. Ahad, 16 Dhu’l-Hijja 1312/10 Jun 1895, Mecca. His father was known as Tok Wan Pa. He was sent to Mecca as a child along with his older brother, Muhammad Zayn b. Mustafa al-Fatani. He was a contemporary of Shaykh Nawawi al-Bantani and Shaykh ‘Ali bin ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Kalantani. Later he was joined by his brother, ‘Abd al-Latif, in Mecca. His daughter Aminah married ‘Isma’il Sena and their son was Tuan Guru Haji ‘Abd al-Qadir b. ‘Isma’il al-Sanawi.

Unlike his brothers Muhammad Zayn and ‘Abd al-Latif, he eventually returned and followed his father as the chief teacher at Pondok Bendang Daya. He returned with a copy of Manhal al-Safi, by Shaykh Da’ud b. ‘Abd Allah al-Fatani, and was a major source of the text back on the peninsula. That book become one of the major ones that he featured at his pondok, where he developed a reputation as one of the most important teachers of tasawwuf on the peninsula in the last three decades of the nineteenth century.

The regular schedule at his pondok was to pray in Subuh until approximately 11:00 am, after Zohor prayer study until Asar prayer. After Asar, the students would do physical labor either farming, cleaning, building new structures, breed cattle, etc. After the Maghrib prayer, studies would resume until the Ishak prayer. After Ishaq they would continue studying until approximately 11:00 pm.

He went to Mecca in 1312/1894 to assist several members of the Patani royal family in their hajj.

Teachers:

  1. Shaykh Da’ud b. ‘Abd Allah al-Fatani (1769-1847), Mecca
  2. Shaykh Muhammad b. Sulayman Hasb Allah al-Makki (Mecca)
  3. Sayyid Ahmad b. Zayni Dahlan (1816-88), Mecca

Students:

  1. Pak Cik Wan Da’ud Patani (1866-1936)
  2. Pak Cu Yeh Tok Raja Haji (d. 1935), son-in-law
  3. Tok Jakar (c. 1870-1944)
  4. Haji ‘Abd al-Rashid Bandar (d. 1938)
  5. Haji Muhammad Salih Bendang Gucil
  6. Tok Kelaba (1863-1948)
  7. Haji Wan Setang (brother of Tok Bermin)
  8. Tok Titi
  9. Tok Yaman (c. 1860s-1956)
  10. Datuk Haji ‘Abd Allah (1863-1907)
  11. Haji ‘Isma’il Cik Dol (1873-1948)
  12. Haji Arshad (father of Tok Guru Dala)
  13. Cik Pak Ya al-Ramani
  14. Haji Muhammad Shah Sayok
  15. Tok Chaok (d. 1921)

Authored Work(s):

  1. [Kitab tasawwuf] – IAM 729
  2. [Kitab tawhid] – IAM x733A

Scribed Work(s):

  1. Copied IAM 17 – Manhal al-Safi, 13 Rajab 1311 AH [20 Jan 1894 CE]
  2. He owned a copy of Luqtat al-‘Ajlan fi Bayan al-Hayd wa al Istihadah wa al-Nifas al-Niswan, which was the source of IAM 687.
  3. Copied PNM 1495A – Manhal al-Safi, in Mecca.
  4. Copied [PNM 1495B] – [kitab sifat dua puluh]
  5. Copied [PNM 1495C] – Kaifiyah membaca selawat akan Nabi Muhammad
  6. Copied PNM 181 – Sullam al-Mubtadi – 1296 AH ~ 1878-9 CE

References:

  • Abdullah, Haji Wan Mohd. Shaghir. “Tok Bendang Daya II: Pondok Teramai di Asia Tenggara.” Dakwah 15, no. 193 (May 1993): 49-52.
  • Fatani, Ahmad Fathy al-. Ulama Besar dari Patani. Bangi: Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 2002: 255-6.
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