Bahja al-Marḍiyya fi ‘Udhr Takhalluf al-Ma’mum an al-Imam

Overview

This was Shaykh Da’ud al-Fatani’s final dated work, the finishing touch to his earlier work Munyat al-Musalli, dealing with salat (prayer).

Authorship

Completed “waktu ‘asar, hari Selasa,” 14 Shawwal 1259 AH [November 7, 1843] by Shaykh Daud b. ‘Abd Allah al-Fatani, in Mecca.

Manuscripts

This text was distributed widely through the Patani scholarly network from the 1840s until the 1880s, when it became published regularly in the Middle East and Southeast Asia. In manuscript form, it was almost always included in compilations with other works by Shaykh Da’ud al-Fatani such as Al-Bahjat al-Saniyya, Bisharat al-Ikhwan, Bulugh al-Maram, Idah al-Bab, Kitab Sembahyang Jum‘a, Munyat al-Musalli, Ta‘liq Latif Mimma Yata‘allaq bi-Jawaz Ta‘addut al-Jum‘ah, and works by other scholars in the network.

29 known manuscript copies

Manuscripts with dated colophons (7):

  1. 1845, Jun 11. Copied by Mahmud b. Muhammad Yusuf al-Jawi Tarkanu, “pada waktu duha Rabu, 5 Jumada al-akhir 1261 AH di dalam negeri Temangan.” IAM 724C: 8 pp. Compiled with IAM 724A: Bidayat al-Hidayah, IAM 724B: Munyat al-Musalli, and IAM 724D: [sya’ir raja].
  2. 1845, Jun/Jul. Copied by Mahmud b. Muhammad Yusuf al-Jawi Tarkanu, “pada waktu duha Rabu, Jumada al-akhir 1261 AH di negeri Temangan.” IAM 299B: 7 pp., incomplete. Compiled with IAM 299A: Munyat al-Musalli.
  3. 1859/60. Copied by Muhammad Sa’id b. ‘Abd Allah al-Fatani, 1276 AH, in Mecca. IAM 151B: 10 pp. Compiled with IAM 151A: Bulugh al-maram and IAM 151C: Ta’liq Latif mimma.
  4. 1859/60. Copied by ‘Abd al-Malik b. Abu Samah Fatani, 1276 AH, in Mecca. IAM 721B: 13 pp. Compiled with IAM 721A: an untitled and unidentified ms.
  5. 1880, Jan 13. Copied by Muhammad Salih, 30 Muharam 1297 AH. PNM 929A: 6 ff. Compiled with PNM 929B: [wasiat nabi] and PNM 929C: Fasal pada menyatakan mengenal diri.
  6. 1881, Aug 27. Copied “hari Sabtu, 1 Shawwal 1298 AH.” PNM 2773A: 5 ff. Compiled with PNM 2773B: [kitab sembahyang Juma] and PNM 2773C: Bulugh al-Maram.
  7. 1882/3. Copied by Ahmad b. ‘Abd Allah b. Dhu’l-Hijja Raman, 1300 AH, “tahun kera.” PNM 504B: 6 ff. Compiled with PNM 504A: Bulugh al-Maram.

Manuscripts with partially or undated colophons (9):

  1. Copied by Haji ‘Abd al-Ghani. IAM 19A: 6 pp. Contains copy date of “hari Isnin, 6 Sha’ban 1259 AH,” but this precedes the author date.
  2. Copied by “fakir teranan, pada petang Juma, waktu ‘asar, Sha’ban di negeri Canak, pulau Kampung Tamperak.” IAM 303B: 8 pp. Compiled with IAM 303A: Bulugh al-Maram, IAM 303C: [risalah kelebihan basmalah], IAM 303D: [risalah kelebihan hamdalah].
  3. Copied by Muhammad ‘Arif b. Angah. PNM 228: 6 ff.
  4. Copied by ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Isma’il. PNM 627A: 6 ff. Compiled with PNM 627B: Bulugh al-Maram and PNM 627C: [Kitab Sembahyang Juma].
  5. Copied by Haji Muhammad Mina b. Encik Ahmad Fatani [in Mecca]. PNM 637(1)B: 4 ff., incomplete. Compiled with PNM 637(1)A: Munyat al-Musalli.
  6. Copied by Muhammad Man Kampung Redang Setar di negeri Yala. PNM 726A: 5 ff. Compiled with PNM 726B: Bulugh al-Maram.
  7. Copied by ‘Abd al-Rahman b. ‘Abd Allah, “hari Rabu, 15 Julai, tahun ular di negeri Canak kampung Temperak.” PNM 816B: 4 ff. Compiled with PNM 816A: Bulugh al-Maram.
  8. Copied by ‘Isa b. Muhammad Saman. PNM 1368A: 7 ff. Compiled with PNM 1368B: [Bulugh al-Maram], PNM 1368C: Sharh al-Ikhwan, PNM 1368D: [Fadilat istighfar], and PNM 1368E: [Kitab Sembahyang Juma].
  9. Copied “waktu duha, Isnin di Mecca.” PNM 2768C: 5 ff. Compiled with PNM 2768A: Tahsil nayl al-maram li bayan manzumah Aqidah al-awwam, PNM 2768B: Munyat al-Musalli, PNM 2768D: Tahsil nayl al-maram li bayan manzumah Aqidah al-awwam, PNM 2768E: [sya’ir nasihat].

Manuscripts without colophons (13):

  1. IAM 136B: 8 pp. Compiled with IAM 136A – Muniyat al-Musalli and IAM 136C –Jawharat al-manzumah; yang memperkatakan sifat-sifat 20 dalam bentuk syair Arab bermakna Melayu.
  2. IAM 152C: 8 pp. Compiled with IAM 152A: Tahsil Nayl al-Maram and PNM 152B: Munyat al-Musalli.
  3. PNM 274A: 7 ff. Compiled with 274B (Masa‘il al-Muhtadi li ikhwan al-Mubtadi), which was copied by Muhammad Sa’id ibn ‘Abd Allah Patani
  4. PNM 626(1)B: 2 ff., incomplete. Compiled with PNM 626(1)A: Munyat al-Musalli.
  5. PNM 648A: 5 ff., incomplete. Contains copy date of “hari Isnin, 22 Ramadan 1259 AH, di Mecca,” but this must be in error since it precedes the author date. Compiled with PNM 648B: Kitab Sembahyang Juma.
  6. PNM 1290: 3 ff., incomplete.
  7. PNM 1449: 5 ff., incomplete.
  8. PNM 2386A: 4 ff. Compiled with PNM 2386B: Bulugh al-Maram, PNM 2386C: [kitab jimak], and PNM 2386D: Kifayat al-muhtaj fi al-isra wa al-mi‘raj.
  9. PNM 2574B: 4 ff., incomplete. Compiled with PNM 2574A: [kitab sembahyang Juma] and PNM 2574C: [Kitab korban dan akikah].
  10. PNM 2723B: 4 ff., incomplete. Compiled with PNM 2723A: Idah al-Bab.
  11. PNM 2773A: 5 ff., incomplete. Compiled with PNM 2773B: [kitab sembahyang Juma] and PNM 2773C: Bulugh al-Maram.
  12. PNM 2944B: 6 ff., incomplete. Compiled with PNM 2944A: Bulugh al-Maram.
  13. PNM 3362B: 8 ff. Compiled with PNM 3362A: Bulugh al-Maram.

Published Editions

  1. 1884. Singapore. Advertised by Siraj, in Jawi Peranakan no. 659, 9 Dec 1889, etc. Holding: School of Oriental and African Studies.
  2. 1894, Jul 17. Singapore: Haji Muhammad Taib, Kampung Bali Lane, 13 Muharam 1312 AH. Holding: British Library, Oriental and India Office Collections.
  3. 1900. Cairo?: Matbaah al-Miriyya al-Kainah. Holding: PNM.
  4. Undated. Singapore: Darul tiba’at al-Misriyat (Sulaiman Marie).
  5. Undated. Pulau Pinang: Dar al-Mu’arif. Holding: KITLV, PNM.
  6. Undated. Bangkok: Muhammad al-Nahdi.
  7. 1991, Jul. Kuala Lumpur: Khazanah al-Fathaniyah, Muharam 1412 AH.
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